Non Dependant Rules: Explained

Non Dependant Rules: Explained

If you share your home with someone who is not your partner or a dependant your entitlement can be reduced through rules on non-dependant deductions.

If you share your property with joint tenants e.g. a flat share they are not classed as non-dependants.

Who counts as a non-dependant

A non-dependant is a person who:

  • resides with you; and
  • is over 16 (a deduction is taken when the non-dependant is 18 or over); and
  • is not your partner or dependant child; and
  • is not liable for paying the rent

Non-dependants are often people like grown-up sons or daughters and elderly relatives.

If someone pays rent to you as a sub-tenant you should declare it by saying 'yes' to the question on sub-tenants on the 'net income' page. People who pay rent to you as a sub-tenant do not count as non-dependants.

Amount of non-dependant deduction

The rate of non-dependant deduction depends on whether the non-dependant is a student or claims benefits (and which one), or works more than 16 hours a week and, if so, their gross income.

  • if the non-dependant is aged under 18 then no deductions apply.
  • If the non-dependant is out of work and on benefits you should select one of the first three categories
  • if the non-dependant works less then 16 hours then you should select "non-dependants aged 18 or over and on other benefits (e.g. State Retirement Pension, contributory ESA), or working less than 16 hours per week, or working 16+ hours and gross income under under £128 a week 
  • if the non-dependant works more than 16 hours then you should calculate their gross income and select the appropriate band. For non-dependant deductions gross income includes the gross (before tax and National Insurance) amount the non-dependant earns each week, plus any other income including tax credits and benefit income (except income from Attendance Allowance, Disability Living Allowance or Personal Independance Payment).

Exemptions from non-dependant deductions

If you or your partner are blind or claiming Disability Living Allowance care component, Personal Independance Payment daily living component or Attendance Allowance then non-dependant deductions will not be taken from your benefits. The calculator automatically recognises these cases. If you are claiming Pension Credit, non-dependant deductions will only apply if you receive help with housing costs.

There is no deduction for some non-dependants, the rules depend on the benefit you are claiming.

In Housing Benefit no deductions will be made if the non-dependant:

  • is in receipt of Pension Credit (savings credit cases as well as guarantee credit)
  • is in receipt of a training allowance or a YTS scheme
  • has been a patient in hospital for 52 weeks or more
  • is a full-time student (but deductions may be made during the summer vacation if the student does any paid work in this period)
  • is a prisoner

In Council Tax Support deductions will vary from April 2013 as Local Councils have had to adopt their own scheme and you should refer to your Local Council's scheme to confirm deductions. This calculator covers about 95% of schemes. Some Councils have a scheme called second adult rebate which you may qualify for if you share your home with someone who is not your partner.

Scroll To Top